WILLIAM M. NICHOLLS, LT, RA

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

William Nicholls '14

Date of birth: December 1, 1891

Date of death: September 26, 1915

Age: 23

Lucky Bag

From the 1914 Lucky Bag:

Loss

William was lost on September 26, 1915 during the Battle of Loos on the Western Front in France. He was a member of the 30th Battery, 43rd Brigade, Royal Field Artillery.

From The Citadel Memorial:

Lt. Nicholls received an appointment to Annapolis during his sophomore year at The Citadel and entered the United States Naval Academy as a member of the class of 1914 at the start of the academic year 1910-1911. He left the USNA six weeks before graduation to read law at his father’s law firm. [There is no reason given for his resignation, effective April 8, 1914.]

Panel 13 in the stained glass facade window of The Citadel’s Summerall Chapel memorializes Lt. Nicholls. In the panel is the young David rescuing the lamb from the wild beast (I Samuel 17:34-35. WILLIAM MONTAGUE NICHOLLS, ex-cadet, 1912.) While visiting England in 1914, Mr. Nicholls joined the British Army, was promoted to lieutenant and was killed at the Battle of The Somme.

William has a page in the 1916 Lucky Bag. "In Memory of William Montague Nicholls, Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery, Class of 1914, Killed In Action September 26, 1915."

Obituary

From "History of Co. F, 118th Infantry (Hampton Guards), 30th Division"

From The Citadel Memorial:

LIEUT. NICHOLLS MEETS DEATH IN BATTLE IN FRANCE

Spartanburg Boy, Fighting Under British Flag, Killed in Action September 26th-27th.

MAY BRING REMAINS HERE FOR INTERMENT

Last Letter From Young Officer, Dated Sept. 13, Received Here Tuesday

W. Montage Nicholls, second lieutenant in the royal field artillery of the British army and a son of Mr. and Mrs. George W. Nicholls, of this city, was killed in battle the 26th or 27th of September, according to a cable received yesterday morning by his father from the British war office in London.

Lieutenant Nicholls had been in service with the British army for about a year. Practically all of his active service on the battle front was in France, where he was sent with his corps during February of this year. He was wounded in the fighting around Neuve-Chapelle on March 21, but was sent back to the front in France about the first of last July, since which time he had been actively engaged. While no details are known here, it is believed that he fell during the fighting in the region around Hulluch and Loos.

The cable announcing the death reads as follows:

“Deeply regret to inform you that Second Lieut. W. M. Nicholls, R. F. A., was killed in action between 26 – 27 September. Lord Kitchener expresses sympathy.”

May Bring Body Here.

Shortly after the receipt of this message, Congressman-elect Sam J. Nicholls, brother of the fallen soldier, sent a cable to the British was office asking for fuller information and asking also if arrangements might be made to have the body shipped here for interment. Friends of the family, it is understood, have also wired the United States secretary of state asking assistance in this undertaking.

The sad news traveled rapidly through the city and county and members of the family were the recipients of many messages of sympathy which poured in from all parts of this section of the state during the afternoon and night.

It is probably that within a few days some further information will be received from the British war authorities relative to the death of Lieutenant Nicholls. No additional facts, of course, had been received up to last night.

Montague Nicholls was born in Spartanburg December 1, 1891, and hence was nearly 24 years of age. He graduated with first honors at the city high school, winning the scholarship to Wofford college. He attended Wofford one year and then went to The Citadel at Charleston. During his second year at The Citadel he won his appointment to the naval academy at Annapolis, Md.

His career at the naval academy was featured by his athletic record and his interest in the sports. He won the welterweight championship in both boxing and wrestling. He made both the football and the baseball team, starring as quarterback on the football team and making a fine record as right fielder on the baseball team.

Young Nicholls resigned from the academy in April, 1914, about six weeks before his graduation. He did this, it is understood, because he did not desire to enter the navy, and letters testifying to his good standing were issued to him.

He then came to Spartanburg and began to read law in the office of his father. He continued this until war was declared in Europe, when he decided he would enlist and go to the front with the British troops.

Leaves to Enter War.

With this purpose in mind, young Nicholls left Spartanburg on September 1, 1914, and went to Toronto, Canada with the idea of enlisting in the British navy. He was rejected by the recruiting officer, however, for the reason that he was from a neutral country. Not discouraged, he returned to New York and a few days later sailed for Europe, where he made further efforts to enlist. One the first attempt, he was rejected again for the same reason that had turned him down in Canada. He wrote his parents about this time that he intended to go to Paris to try to enter the foreign legion, but he did not make this trip.

Instead, he found that he was able to join a volunteer regiment, formed by a number of wealthy Americans and Englishmen. His knowledge of the science of war was quickly recognized, and he later was able to join Lord Kitchener’s expeditionary forces, and was later commissioned as second lieutenant of the Royal Field artillery. It is understood here that in order to receive this commission Mr. Nicholls was obliged to take the oath of allegiance to the British flag.

Wounded in March.

After receiving his commission , he was sent to Glasgow, Scotland, where he remained for several weeks in a training camp assisting in training the troops. His battery was sent to the battlefront in France on the 22nd of February, and soon after, Lieutenant Nicholls was assigned to a battery on the front having charge of six three-inch guns. During the fighting on the first of March, he received flesh wounds in both thighs, and shortly after was transferred to a hospital in Folkestone, England. He remained at Folkestone for about six or eight weeks, and then, having fully recovered, was assigned to duty in another section of England in drilling recruits.

About the first of July Lieutenant Nicholls was sent back to France to resume his duties at the front. He was placed in charge, and was in active service until his death.

Last Letter Came Tuesday.

The last letter received by the family from the young man was dated September 13, though it was not received here until Tuesday of this week. The letters from the soldiers on the front are all read by censors before they are transmitted, and statements relative to the fighting operations are very carefully scanned before they are passed. Hence the last letter contains practically no information of the fighting operations and is confined principally to personal topics.

In this letter the young soldier expressed his continued enthusiasm for the war, and his intention to stay until it was over. He intimated that after the war he would remain in the service and would probably be assigned to duty in India. The letter shows that the young man was with the Forty-third brigade, Thirtieth battery, R. F. A.

The letter referred, in a humorous way, to the war as being his third choice for a profession and expressed the hope that he would find it satisfactory. Members of the family interpret this to mean that he had tried the naval service and the profession of law and had not found in them the satisfaction of his aspirations.

Wanted Buckwheats and Syrup.

A touching feature of the letter was the young officer’s request for a shipment of buckwheat cakes and maple syrup. It appears from the letter that it had fallen to his lot to provide a variation from the routine of the officer’s mess, and he had decided upon this as a treat for his comrades. He stated that no package weighing more than 11 pounds would be allowed to pass through, though there was no limit to the number of packages.

Montague Nicholls is well remembered by Spartanburg people and his death in arms for a foreign yet closely related country brought sadness to hundreds of people of this vicinity who knew him as a boy and as a young man. Young Nicholls is survived by his father and mother, one brother, Congressman elect. Sam J. Nicholls, and two sister, Misses Kate and Lottie Led Nicholls.

The Spartanburg Herald, Spartanburg, S.C., Friday Morning, October 1, 1915, p.1

From History of Co. F, 118th Infantry (Hampton Guards), 30th Division:

William Montague Nicholls, son of Judge George W. and Mrs. Minnie L. Nicholls, in that fine spirit of crusade and adventure for the right, characteristic of the spirit of his family and forbears, was a shining sacrifice in the great world war nearly two years prior to the time his country entered in the struggle.

During his boyhood, which was spent in Spartanburg, S. C., he was intensely interested in military affairs, and was a private in the Hampton Guards. As a member of this unit, although very young at the time, he attended the military maneuvers at the National Chickamauga Park, at the time his brother, Congressman Samuel J. Nicholls, was its captain. He attended the sessions of the South Carolina Military Academy, Charleston, S. C., and later won the scholarship from this congressional district to the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., where he practically completed his four-year course. Then, deciding to engage in the practice of law, he resigned just prior to the finals of the Academy, returning to his home city. Shortly thereafter, and at the time when the Germans were so heavily pressing the armies of France and England, he set sail for England. On arriving there, he volunteered in the British Army. He was assigned to the Royal Field Artillery, with the rank of second lieutenant. He was wounded at the battle of La Chappelle, France, on March 23rd, 1915. He was killed on the front line in the bloody battle of Loos on September 26th, 1915. Along with the other fallen, he was buried in the night time—

"No useless coffin enclosed his breast,
Nor in sheet, nor in shroud they wound him;
But he lay like a warrior taking his rest,
With his martial cloak around him."

Brave, generous, impetuous, intrepid, lofty soul—he typified to the highest degree the finest traditions of the Hampton Guards.

Memorial Hall Error

William's rank is listed as "LT" in Memorial Hall; it should be 2LT.


Class of 1914

William is one of 7 members of the Class of 1914 in Memorial Hall.