Difference between revisions of "GODFREY D. CHEVALIER, LCDR, USN"

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall
 
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{{ND|date=January 1911|rank=Midshipman|command=New Hampshire}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1911|rank=Midshipman|command=New Hampshire}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1912|rank=Midshipman|command=New Hampshire|others=[[GEORGE F. PARROTT, JR., LCDR, USN|MIDN George Parrott, Jr. '11]]}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1912|rank=Midshipman|command=New Hampshire|others=[[GEORGE F. PARROTT, JR., LCDR, USN|MIDN George Parrott, Jr. '11]]}}
{{ND|date=January 1913|rank=Ensign|command=ordered Cumberland (aviation)}}
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{{ND|date=January 1913|rank=Ensign|command=ordered Cumberland (aviation)|others=[[WILLIAM D. BILLINGSLEY, ENS, USN|ENS William Billingsley '09]]}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1914|rank=Ensign|command=Naval Academy (aviation)|others=[[JAMES M. MURRAY, LTJG, USN|LTjg James Murray '07]], [[RICHARD C. SAUFLEY, LTJG, USN|LTjg Richard Saufley '08]], and [[MELVIN L. STOLZ, LTJG, USN|ENS Melvin Stolz '10]]}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1914|rank=Ensign|command=Naval Academy (aviation)|others=[[JAMES M. MURRAY, LTJG, USN|LTjg James Murray '07]], [[RICHARD C. SAUFLEY, LTJG, USN|LTjg Richard Saufley '08]], and [[MELVIN L. STOLZ, LTJG, USN|ENS Melvin Stolz '10]]}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1915|rank=Ensign|command=Naval Aeronatic Station, Pensacola, Florida|others=[[LOUIS H. MAXFIELD, CDR, USN|LTjg Louis Maxfield '07]], [[RICHARD C. SAUFLEY, LTJG, USN|LTjg Richard Saufley '08]], and [[CLARENCE K. BRONSON, LTJG, USN|ENS Clarence Bronson '10]]}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1915|rank=Ensign|command=Naval Aeronatic Station, Pensacola, Florida|others=[[LOUIS H. MAXFIELD, CDR, USN|LTjg Louis Maxfield '07]], [[RICHARD C. SAUFLEY, LTJG, USN|LTjg Richard Saufley '08]], and [[CLARENCE K. BRONSON, LTJG, USN|ENS Clarence Bronson '10]]}}
{{ND|date=January 1916|rank=Lieutenant (j.g.)|command=Naval Aeronatic Station, Pensacola, Florida|others=[[ROBERT W. CABANISS, CDR, USN|LT Robert Cabaniss '06]], [[RICHARD C. SAUFLEY, LTJG, USN|LTjg Richard Saufley '08]], [[CLARENCE K. BRONSON, LTJG, USN|LTjg Clarence Bronson '10]], and [[WILLIAM M. CORRY, LCDR, USN|LTjg William Corry '10]]}}
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{{ND|date=January 1916|rank=Lieutenant (j.g.)|command=Naval Aeronatic Station, Pensacola, Florida|others=[[ROBERT W. CABANISS, CDR, USN|LT Robert Cabaniss '06]], [[RICHARD C. SAUFLEY, LTJG, USN|LTjg Richard Saufley '08]], [[CLARENCE K. BRONSON, LTJG, USN|LTjg Clarence Bronson '10]], and [[WILLIAM M. CORRY, JR., LCDR, USN|LTjg William Corry, Jr. '10]]}}
{{ND|date=January 1917|rank=Lieutenant (j.g.)|command=USS Seattle|others=[[WILLIAM M. CORRY, LCDR, USN|LTjg William Corry '10]] and [[ROBERT M. FARRAR, LT, USN|ENS Robert Farrar '15]]|others2=[[FRED M. PERKINS, CDR, USN|LT Fred Perkins '06]] (Destroyer Forces)}}
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{{ND|date=January 1917|rank=Lieutenant (j.g.)|command=USS Seattle|others=[[WILLIAM M. CORRY, JR., LCDR, USN|LTjg William Corry, Jr. '10]] and [[ROBERT M. FARRAR, LT, USN|ENS Robert Farrar '15]]|others2=[[FRED M. PERKINS, CDR, USN|LT Fred Perkins '06]] (Destroyer Forces)}}
 
{{ND|date=March 1918|rank=Lieutenant|command=Naval Air Station Dunkirk, France|billet=commanding officer}}
 
{{ND|date=March 1918|rank=Lieutenant|command=Naval Air Station Dunkirk, France|billet=commanding officer}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1919|rank=Lieutenant Commander|command=Naval Headquarters, London, England|others=[[LOUIS H. MAXFIELD, CDR, USN|CDR Louis Maxfield '07]] and [[WILLIAM D. SAMPLE, RADM, USN|LTjg William Sample '19]]}}
 
{{ND|date=January 1919|rank=Lieutenant Commander|command=Naval Headquarters, London, England|others=[[LOUIS H. MAXFIELD, CDR, USN|CDR Louis Maxfield '07]] and [[WILLIAM D. SAMPLE, RADM, USN|LTjg William Sample '19]]}}

Latest revision as of 14:14, 4 December 2019

Godfrey Chevalier '10

Date of birth: March 7, 1889

Date of death: November 14, 1922

Age: 33

Lucky Bag

From the 1910 Lucky Bag:

Biography

1910 Chevalier 1.jpg

From Destroyer History:

Godfrey de Courcelles Chevalier was born 7 March 1889 at Providence, Rhode Island. When he was young, his family moved to Medford, Massachusetts, where he attended school and was known as “Darb.” A 1910 graduate of the US Naval Academy, he later completed a course in aviation there and then continued as an instructor until 1914. After a year at sea, he reported to the Naval Aeronautics Station at Pensacola, Florida, and was designated Naval Aviator No. 7.

In 1916, while assigned to battleship USS North Carolina, he helped install the first catapult on a naval vessel, and then piloted the first plane to be launched from it.

In 1917, when the United States entered World War I, Chevalier was assigned to duty in Paris, followed by command of the US Naval Aeronautic Station in Dunkerque and the Northern Bombing Squadron, US Naval Aviation Forces in Paris, with intervening assignments in London. For this service he received the Distinguished Service Medal with the following citation: “For exceptionally meritorious service in a duty of great responsibility in connection with the first aeronautical detachment to reach France, and as Commander of the US Naval Air Station at Dunkirk, which was established and maintained in spite of constant bombing by the enemy.”

Following the armistice in November 1918, he served in various posts before participating in the conversion of collier Jupiter as the United States’ first aircraft carrier, USS Langley (CV 1) in 1920. After her commissioning, he served aboard as Officer in Charge of the Aviation Detachment and was credited by Rear Admiral Moffett, Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, with developing deck landing gear.

On 17 October 1922, LCdr. Virgil C. (“Squash”) Griffin made the first takeoff from Langley’s deck; on 26 October, LCdr. Chevalier made the first landing—in an Aeromarine 39-B. Less that three weeks later, however, Chevalier incurred multiple injuries in a plane crash near Norfolk and died two days later at the Naval Hospital there.

Admiral Moffett wrote in The Outlook: “Chevalier was one of the most popular and aggressive officers in naval aviation, and his work is largely responsible for the development that has gone forward to date. His death was not only felt as a severe loss in the wealth of experience and knowledge which he possessed; it had a depressing effect on the entire ship’s company, for Chevalier was loved by the men who served under him and by his brother officers.”

Godfrey was one of the men to establish NAS Pensacola, Florida; he flew one of the first two seaplanes from that base. He was naval aviator #7.

Godfrey was survived by his wife and son; he is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Navy Distinguished Service Medal

1910 Chevalier 2.jpg

From Hall of Valor:

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Distinguished Service Medal to Lieutenant Commander Godfrey DeCourcelles Chevalier, United States Navy, for exceptionally meritorious service in a duty of great responsibility in connection with the first aeronautical detachment to reach France, and as Commander of the United States Naval Air Station at Dunkirk, which was established and maintained in spite of constant bombing by the enemy. Later he commanded the assembly and repair base at Eastleigh, England.

General Orders: Authority: Navy Book of Distinguished Service (Stringer)
Service: Navy
Division: United States Naval Air Station at Dunkirk, France

Namesakes

1910 Chevalier 3.jpg
1910 Chevalier 4.jpg

USS Chevalier (DD 451) and USS Chevalier (DD 805) were named for Godfrey; the ships were both sponsored by his widow.

Chevalier Field was also named for him.

Related Articles

"Five early American naval aviators in Pensacola, c. 1915. From left: Lt. (j.g.) Walter A. Edwards USN, Lt. (j.g.) Clarence K. Bronson USN, Lt. (j.g.) Godfrey Chevalier USN, 2nd Lt. William M. McIlvain USMC, and Lt. (j.g.) Kenneth Whiting USN."
Left to right: Lieutenant V. D. Herbster, Lieutenant W. M. McIlvain, Lieutenant P. N. L. Bellinger, Lieutenant Richard Saufley '08, Lieutenant J. H. Towers, Lieutenant Commander H. C. Mustin, Lieutenant (Army) B. L. Smith, Ensign Godfrey Chevalier '10, and Ensign Melvin Stolz '10.

Richard Saufley '08, Melvin Stolz '10, and Clarence Bronson '10, was also pictured among the Navy's earliest aviators.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

January 1911

Midshipman, New Hampshire

January 1912

Midshipman, New Hampshire

Others at this command: MIDN George Parrott, Jr. '11.

January 1913

Ensign, ordered Cumberland (aviation)

Others at this command: ENS William Billingsley '09.

January 1914

Ensign, Naval Academy (aviation)

Others at this command: LTjg James Murray '07, LTjg Richard Saufley '08, and ENS Melvin Stolz '10.

January 1915

Ensign, Naval Aeronatic Station, Pensacola, Florida

Others at this command: LTjg Louis Maxfield '07, LTjg Richard Saufley '08, and ENS Clarence Bronson '10.

January 1916

Lieutenant (j.g.), Naval Aeronatic Station, Pensacola, Florida

Others at this command: LT Robert Cabaniss '06, LTjg Richard Saufley '08, LTjg Clarence Bronson '10, and LTjg William Corry, Jr. '10.

January 1917

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Seattle

Others at this command: LTjg William Corry, Jr. '10 and ENS Robert Farrar '15.

Others at or embarked at this command: LT Fred Perkins '06 (Destroyer Forces).

March 1918

Lieutenant, commanding officer, Naval Air Station Dunkirk, France

January 1919

Lieutenant Commander, Naval Headquarters, London, England

Others at this command: CDR Louis Maxfield '07 and LTjg William Sample '19.

January 1920

Lieutenant Commander, Office of Naval Operations

Others at this command: LCDR Frank McCord '11 and LCDR Robert English '11.

January 1921

Lieutenant Commander, USS Langley

January 1922

Lieutenant Commander, USS Langley


Class of 1910

Godfrey is one of 15 members of the Class of 1910 on Virtual Memorial Hall.