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Patrick Hart '37

Date of birth: May 31, 1915

Date of death: June 4, 1942

Age: 27

Lucky Bag

From the 1937 Lucky Bag:

1937 Hart LB.jpg

PATRICK HENRY HART

Los Angeles, California

"Pat" "Bucket" "Admiral"

Plebe year, Pat admits, wasn't any too much fun, but necessary for the life to follow. However, the next three years showed him to be in the right place. As in days of yore at Polytechnic High, academics were fruit. His gymnastic talents, too, showed up to good advantage. Though not particularly a snake, Pat could be paged at Carvel any Sunday afternoon,—and usually be found! During four years here on the Severn, Pat has won a place in all our hearts. His ability to make friends and get along with people is a sure indication of success.

Gym 4, 3, 2, 1, gNt, Captain 1. Black N. Quarterdeck Society. Three Stripes.

1937 Hart LB.jpg

PATRICK HENRY HART

Los Angeles, California

"Pat" "Bucket" "Admiral"

Plebe year, Pat admits, wasn't any too much fun, but necessary for the life to follow. However, the next three years showed him to be in the right place. As in days of yore at Polytechnic High, academics were fruit. His gymnastic talents, too, showed up to good advantage. Though not particularly a snake, Pat could be paged at Carvel any Sunday afternoon,—and usually be found! During four years here on the Severn, Pat has won a place in all our hearts. His ability to make friends and get along with people is a sure indication of success.

Gym 4, 3, 2, 1, gNt, Captain 1. Black N. Quarterdeck Society. Three Stripes.

Obituary

From the Los Angeles Times in 1944.

From Find A Grave:

Patrick H. Hart was born in New York City to Eugene J and Emma Elizabeth Carrell Hart who were married about 1901. They also had another son, Eugene James Jr born about 1904. Patrick entered the US Naval Academy on 13 Jun 1933 with an appointment from California. He was graduated and commissioned an Ensign on 3 Jun 1937.

His first duty was aboard the USS Colorado (BB-45) began on 30 Jun 1937 Later, according to the Naval History and Heritage Command, he served aboard the USS West Virginia (BB-48). He began his flight training in Jun 1939 in Pensacola, FL. He also earned a sub-speciality as a French language interpreter.

About the time he completed his flight training, he was promoted to Lt (Junior Grade) on 3 Jun 1940. About a month later on 5 July 1940 he began his tour with Torpedo Squadron Three (VT-3) embarked USS Saratago (CV-3). He was promoted to the temporary rank of Lieutenant on 02 Jan 1942. After the Saratoga (CV-3) was torpedoed and had to return to the West Coast for repairs, Torpedo Three was transferred to Hawaii. On 28 May 1942 they were transferred to the USS Yorktown.

It was from the Yorktown that Torpedo Three flew into battle on 4 Jun 1942 against the Japanese striking force. Of the twelve planes that took off from the Yorktown that morning only two returned, but had to ditch. Three of the four crewman survived. Lt Hart and his gunner/radioman, ARM1 Johnnie Ralph Cole, were missing in action. Their remains were unrecoverable. They were declared presumed dead on 5 Jun 1943. Lt Hart was awarded for his heroism the Navy Cross and the Purple Heart medals. bio compiled by G47

Patrick was executive officer of Torpedo Squadron (VT) 3. (Information from Richard Leonard, naval aviation historian.)

His mother was listed as next of kin.

Navy Cross

From Hall of Valor:

The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Lieutenant Patrick Henry Hart (NSN: 0-78621), United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Executive Officer of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), attached to the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Lieutenant Hart, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Action Date: 4-Jun-42
Service: Navy
Rank: Lieutenant
Company: Torpedo Squadron 3 (VT-3)
Division: U.S.S. Yorktown (CV-5)

Namesake

USS Hart (DD 594) was named for Patrick; the ship was sponsored by his mother.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

June 1940
Ensign, Scouting Squadron (VS) 42, USS Ranger

Others at this command: LT William Pennewill '29

Others at or embarked at USS Ranger: LTjg Wendell Froling '34 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 4), LTjg Ralph Embree '36 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 4), LTjg Richard Bull, Jr. '36 (Scouting Squadron (VS) 41), LTjg Walter Bayless '36 (USS Ranger), ENS Walter Sharer '38 (USS Ranger), ENS Lemuel Cooke '39 (USS Ranger), and ENS William Beck, Jr. '40 (USS Ranger)
November 1940
Lieutenant (j.g.), Torpedo Squadron (VT) 3, USS Saratoga

Others at this command: LTjg Macdonald Thompson '37

Others at or embarked at USS Saratoga: LCDR William Hank '25 (USS Saratoga), LT William Sisko '31 (Scouting Squadron (VS) 3), LTjg Francis Maher, Jr. '35 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 3), LTjg Jack Ferguson '35 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 3), LTjg John Ennis '35 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 3), LTjg Raymond Vogel, Jr. '36 (Fighting Squadron (VF) 3), LTjg Edward O'Hare '37 (Fighting Squadron (VF) 3), LTjg Harold Shrider '37 (Scouting Squadron (VS) 3), LTjg Howard Nester, Jr. '37 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 3), and ENS Norman White '39 (USS Saratoga)
April 1941
Lieutenant (j.g.), Torpedo Squadron (VT) 3, USS Saratoga


Others at or embarked at USS Saratoga: LCDR William Hank '25 (USS Saratoga), LTjg Francis Maher, Jr. '35 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 3), LTjg Jack Ferguson '35 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 3), LTjg Victor Gadrow '35 (Fighting Squadron (VF) 3), LTjg Edward O'Hare '37 (Fighting Squadron (VF) 3), LTjg Harold Shrider '37 (Scouting Squadron (VS) 3), LTjg Howard Nester, Jr. '37 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 3), ENS Howard Clark '38 (Fighting Squadron (VF) 3), ENS Marion Dufilho '38 (Fighting Squadron (VF) 3), ENS Osborne Wiseman '38 (Bombing Squadron (VB) 3), ENS William Brady '38 (Scouting Squadron (VS) 3), and ENS Norman White '39 (USS Saratoga)


Class of 1937

Patrick is one of 45 members of the Class of 1937 on Virtual Memorial Hall.

The "category" links below lead to lists of related Honorees; use them to explore further the service and sacrifice of alumni in Memorial Hall.