Difference between revisions of "ROBERT S. WHITMAN, JR., LTJG, USN"

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall
m (1 revision imported)
Line 9: Line 9:
|LBECAs=''Football 4, 3; Glee Club 4, 3 , 2; Musical Club Show 3 , 2; Assistant Director 2; Stunt Committee 2, 1; Chairman 1; Chairman Activities; Committee 1; Log Staff 4, 3, 2, 1; Feature Editor 1; Trident 2, 2; 2 Stripe.''}}
|LBECAs=''Football 4, 3; Glee Club 4, 3 , 2; Musical Club Show 3 , 2; Assistant Director 2; Stunt Committee 2, 1; Chairman 1; Chairman Activities; Committee 1; Log Staff 4, 3, 2, 1; Feature Editor 1; Trident 2, 2; 2 Stripe.''}}


== Obituary ==
== Career & Loss ==
From [https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pv&GRid=56135310&PIpi=151228798 Find A Grave:]
From [https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pv&GRid=56135310&PIpi=151228798 Find A Grave:]
<blockquote>
<blockquote>
Line 18: Line 18:
He graduated on 01 Jun 1939 from Annapolis and reported to his first sea duty tour aboard the heavy cruiser USS Quincy (CA 39) on 26 Jun 1939. On 01 February 1941, Whitman was detached from the Quincy. He began flight training on 17 March 1941 at the Naval Air Station (NAS) at Pensacola, Fla. He earned his naval aviator wings there and then received further instruction at the Transition Training Squadron, Pacific Fleet, before he reported to Patrol Squadron (VP) 44 on 4 November 1941.  
He graduated on 01 Jun 1939 from Annapolis and reported to his first sea duty tour aboard the heavy cruiser USS Quincy (CA 39) on 26 Jun 1939. On 01 February 1941, Whitman was detached from the Quincy. He began flight training on 17 March 1941 at the Naval Air Station (NAS) at Pensacola, Fla. He earned his naval aviator wings there and then received further instruction at the Transition Training Squadron, Pacific Fleet, before he reported to Patrol Squadron (VP) 44 on 4 November 1941.  


Patrol Squadron Forty-four (VP-44) departed from the Naval Air Station, Alameda, CA for Pearl Harbor, T.H., in two divisions of six planes each. The first of these left the United States on March 26, 1942. The second, because of unfavorable weather, delayed its departure until April 12. Ordered to Midway for extended operations, PATRON 44 arrived at Eastern Island on the 22nd of May and began long range reconnaissance flights on 27 May. During the first few days of June 1942, the VP-23 and VP-44 PBYs based at Midway flew long patrols over the trackless ocean, searching for signs of enemy shipping. Then on 3 Jun came the first surface contact reports from the VP-23 PBY searchers. The following day, 04 Jun 1942, pilot Lt. (j.g.) Robert S. Whitman and his PBY-5A Catalina from VP-44 were airborne again when he reported contact at 0925 with enemy ships (probably the Japanese Occupation Force), antiaircraft fire, and that his aircraft was being "opposed by two enemy observation planes." Japanese Mitsubishi F1M2 Type 0 floatplanes from the seaplane carrier Chitose had attacked Ltjg Whitman's Catalina about 340 miles west of Midway. During the attack Whitman and four other crewmen were killed and one mortally wounded, and the plane set afire. AOM2c Philip L. Fulghum, the PBY’s bow gunner, continued to man his .50-caliber machine gun, and sent one of the attackers away trailing smoke. On his own initiative, with a crash imminent, Fulghum released the plane’s two 500-pound bombs. After the crash, AMM1c Virgil Ruel Marsh, despite the roaring flames, freed a rubber boat from the plane, which AMM2c John C. Weeks repaired. Fulghum then assisted the wounded into the raft. Several days later, June 6, 1942, a PBY commanded by Ltjg Norman Bradley located the five men in the raft. He safely picked them up and returned them to Midway. Ensign Camp died on Midway of his wounds on 07 Jun 1942. After the battle of Midway Patrol Squadron 44 returned to Pearl Harbor on 09 Jun 1942.
Patrol Squadron Forty-four (VP-44) departed from the Naval Air Station, Alameda, CA for Pearl Harbor, T.H., in two divisions of six planes each. The first of these left the United States on March 26, 1942. The second, because of unfavorable weather, delayed its departure until April 12. Ordered to Midway for extended operations, PATRON 44 arrived at Eastern Island on the 22nd of May and began long range reconnaissance flights on 27 May. During the first few days of June 1942, the VP-23 and VP-44 PBYs based at Midway flew long patrols over the trackless ocean, searching for signs of enemy shipping. Then on 3 Jun came the first surface contact reports from the VP-23 PBY searchers.
 
The following day, 04 Jun 1942, pilot Lt. (j.g.) Robert S. Whitman and his PBY-5A Catalina from VP-44 were airborne again when he reported contact at 0925 with enemy ships (probably the Japanese Occupation Force), antiaircraft fire, and that his aircraft was being "opposed by two enemy observation planes." Japanese Mitsubishi F1M2 Type 0 floatplanes from the seaplane carrier Chitose had attacked Ltjg Whitman's Catalina about 340 miles west of Midway.
 
During the attack Whitman and four other crewmen were killed and one mortally wounded, and the plane set afire. AOM2c Philip L. Fulghum, the PBY’s bow gunner, continued to man his .50-caliber machine gun, and sent one of the attackers away trailing smoke. On his own initiative, with a crash imminent, Fulghum released the plane’s two 500-pound bombs.
 
After the crash, AMM1c Virgil Ruel Marsh, despite the roaring flames, freed a rubber boat from the plane, which AMM2c John C. Weeks repaired. Fulghum then assisted the wounded into the raft. Several days later, June 6, 1942, a PBY commanded by Ltjg Norman Bradley located the five men in the raft. He safely picked them up and returned them to Midway. Ensign Camp died on Midway of his wounds on 07 Jun 1942. After the battle of Midway Patrol Squadron 44 returned to Pearl Harbor on 09 Jun 1942.


Ltjg Whitman was awarded the Purple Heart. His remains were unrecoverable.
Ltjg Whitman was awarded the Purple Heart. His remains were unrecoverable.


-------------------------------------------------------------------
The family of Robert Scott Whitman received a commemoration from President Roosevelt. It reads:
The family of Robert Scott Whitman received a commemoration from President Roosevelt. It reads:
 
<blockquote>
“In grateful memory of Robert Scott Whitman, Jr., United States Navy, who died in the service of his country at Midway Islands, 5 June 1943 (Presumed). He stands in the unbroken line of patriots who have dared to die that freedom might live, and grow, and increase its blessings. Freedom lives, and through it, he lives – in a way that humbles the undertakings of most men.  
“In grateful memory of Robert Scott Whitman, Jr., United States Navy, who died in the service of his country at Midway Islands, 5 June 1943 (Presumed). He stands in the unbroken line of patriots who have dared to die that freedom might live, and grow, and increase its blessings. Freedom lives, and through it, he lives – in a way that humbles the undertakings of most men.  


(signed), Franklin D Roosevelt, President of the United States of America”
(signed), Franklin D Roosevelt, President of the United States of America”
</blockquote>


(Compiler's note: *Presumed dead on 5 Jun 1943. Actual date gone missing was 4 Jun 1942.)
(Compiler's note: Presumed dead on 5 Jun 1943. Actual date gone missing was 4 Jun 1942.)
<cite>bio compiled by G47</cite>
<cite>bio compiled by G47</cite>
</blockquote>
== Other Information ==
From the Press and Sun-Bulletin, Binghamton, New York, June 19, 1942:
<blockquote>
Robert attended old St. John Avenue School, predecessor to Alexander Hamilton.
He was graduated from Binghamton Central High School in 1933, after playing tackle on the varsity football team for two years, ranking 29th in a large graduating class, serving as business manager of the school paper and writing for the Panorama. He also managed the baseball team and was a delegate to the Red Cross convention at Washington in his sophomore year.
After a year at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., in which he played football, entered the Naval Academy. . . .  After graduation, he served for a year and a half on the heavy cruiser Quincy before applying for transfer to the Naval Air Training School at Pensacola, Fla. Last October he was awarded his wings and assigned to Coronado air base near San Diego, Calif.
When the Japs struck at Pearl Harbor Dec. 4. Lieutenant Whitman was ordered to patrol duty along the California coast and shifted to the Alameda, Calif. Base.
Before being transferred to Hawaii, three months ago, he married Miss Josephine Jackson of San Francisco March 21, 1942. Almost immediately his squadron flew to Hawaii and his bride remained in San Francisco.
</blockquote>
From the Press-Bulletin, June 22, 1942: [Robert's parents received a letter from R. C. Brixner, commander of Lieutenant Whitman's patrol squadron.]
<blockquote>
"I deeply regret having to inform you that your son, Robert Scott Whitman, Jr., Lieutenant (junior grade) U. S. Navy, was killed in action with the enemy on June 4, 1942.
"The officers and men of Robert's squadron feel a deep personal loss in his passing. I had grown to know him well in the time he was in the squadron. I leaned heavily on him giving him responsibility after responsibility; he accepted them all cheerfully and did everything he attempted excellently.
"He died bravely and with no thought of self. His last words were of warning to his crew of impending crash.
"This he did after being wounded and while endeavoring to bring his crippled plane down safely. His every action was in accord with the best traditions of our navy service and of our country. We are proud of him and his squadron.
"His remains were carried down with his plane."
At Binghamton High School, Robert was known as "Scottie." "A man of might." Panorama, Literary Staff (2), Assistant Business Manager (3); Football, Junior Varsity, Varsity (4), Letter (4); Baseball Manager (3); Journalism Club (2); Delegate to Red Cross Convention in Washington (2); Class Notable: Class Bluffer. After graduation: Colgate University. Prophecy: Founder and leader of Cayenne Party, Scottsbluff, Neb.
Robert's parents were Robert, a bonds salesman, and Margaret. His brother George, a graduate of the University of Michigan, was employed as an aeronautical engineer.
</blockquote>
</blockquote>



Revision as of 10:42, 2 July 2021

Robert Whitman, Jr. '39

Date of birth: January 1, 1916

Date of death: June 4, 1942

Age: 26

Lucky Bag

From the 1939 Lucky Bag:

1939 Whitman LB.jpg

ROBERT SCOTT WHITMAN

Binghamton, New York

Whit, Scottie

Hailing from the apparently thriving climate of Binghamton, where men achieve bulk and vigor (and his drags are proud of it) he found the mechanical arts here less palatable than the liberal arts at college. By "jumping numbers" continuously since plebe year, he proved, however, that his mind was readily acclimated to the new curriculum. Either his impatience to put to sea or his early civilian independence netted him a month cruise not included in plebe training. Fortunately in later years he has been more judicious with nocturnal exploits over the mural obstructions. For two years he devoted his brawn to the gridiron, but an injury directed his attentions along literary lines. Equal versatility aboard and ashore will make him a grand shipmate.

Football 4, 3; Glee Club 4, 3 , 2; Musical Club Show 3 , 2; Assistant Director 2; Stunt Committee 2, 1; Chairman 1; Chairman Activities; Committee 1; Log Staff 4, 3, 2, 1; Feature Editor 1; Trident 2, 2; 2 Stripe.

1939 Whitman LB.jpg

ROBERT SCOTT WHITMAN

Binghamton, New York

Whit, Scottie

Hailing from the apparently thriving climate of Binghamton, where men achieve bulk and vigor (and his drags are proud of it) he found the mechanical arts here less palatable than the liberal arts at college. By "jumping numbers" continuously since plebe year, he proved, however, that his mind was readily acclimated to the new curriculum. Either his impatience to put to sea or his early civilian independence netted him a month cruise not included in plebe training. Fortunately in later years he has been more judicious with nocturnal exploits over the mural obstructions. For two years he devoted his brawn to the gridiron, but an injury directed his attentions along literary lines. Equal versatility aboard and ashore will make him a grand shipmate.

Football 4, 3; Glee Club 4, 3 , 2; Musical Club Show 3 , 2; Assistant Director 2; Stunt Committee 2, 1; Chairman 1; Chairman Activities; Committee 1; Log Staff 4, 3, 2, 1; Feature Editor 1; Trident 2, 2; 2 Stripe.

Career & Loss

From Find A Grave:

Robert S. Whitman married Josephine Porter. It is not known if they had children.

Robert Scott Whitman, Jr. was appointed a midshipman at the US Naval Academy from New York on 24 August 1935.

He graduated on 01 Jun 1939 from Annapolis and reported to his first sea duty tour aboard the heavy cruiser USS Quincy (CA 39) on 26 Jun 1939. On 01 February 1941, Whitman was detached from the Quincy. He began flight training on 17 March 1941 at the Naval Air Station (NAS) at Pensacola, Fla. He earned his naval aviator wings there and then received further instruction at the Transition Training Squadron, Pacific Fleet, before he reported to Patrol Squadron (VP) 44 on 4 November 1941.

Patrol Squadron Forty-four (VP-44) departed from the Naval Air Station, Alameda, CA for Pearl Harbor, T.H., in two divisions of six planes each. The first of these left the United States on March 26, 1942. The second, because of unfavorable weather, delayed its departure until April 12. Ordered to Midway for extended operations, PATRON 44 arrived at Eastern Island on the 22nd of May and began long range reconnaissance flights on 27 May. During the first few days of June 1942, the VP-23 and VP-44 PBYs based at Midway flew long patrols over the trackless ocean, searching for signs of enemy shipping. Then on 3 Jun came the first surface contact reports from the VP-23 PBY searchers.

The following day, 04 Jun 1942, pilot Lt. (j.g.) Robert S. Whitman and his PBY-5A Catalina from VP-44 were airborne again when he reported contact at 0925 with enemy ships (probably the Japanese Occupation Force), antiaircraft fire, and that his aircraft was being "opposed by two enemy observation planes." Japanese Mitsubishi F1M2 Type 0 floatplanes from the seaplane carrier Chitose had attacked Ltjg Whitman's Catalina about 340 miles west of Midway.

During the attack Whitman and four other crewmen were killed and one mortally wounded, and the plane set afire. AOM2c Philip L. Fulghum, the PBY’s bow gunner, continued to man his .50-caliber machine gun, and sent one of the attackers away trailing smoke. On his own initiative, with a crash imminent, Fulghum released the plane’s two 500-pound bombs.

After the crash, AMM1c Virgil Ruel Marsh, despite the roaring flames, freed a rubber boat from the plane, which AMM2c John C. Weeks repaired. Fulghum then assisted the wounded into the raft. Several days later, June 6, 1942, a PBY commanded by Ltjg Norman Bradley located the five men in the raft. He safely picked them up and returned them to Midway. Ensign Camp died on Midway of his wounds on 07 Jun 1942. After the battle of Midway Patrol Squadron 44 returned to Pearl Harbor on 09 Jun 1942.

Ltjg Whitman was awarded the Purple Heart. His remains were unrecoverable.

The family of Robert Scott Whitman received a commemoration from President Roosevelt. It reads:

“In grateful memory of Robert Scott Whitman, Jr., United States Navy, who died in the service of his country at Midway Islands, 5 June 1943 (Presumed). He stands in the unbroken line of patriots who have dared to die that freedom might live, and grow, and increase its blessings. Freedom lives, and through it, he lives – in a way that humbles the undertakings of most men.

(signed), Franklin D Roosevelt, President of the United States of America”

(Compiler's note: Presumed dead on 5 Jun 1943. Actual date gone missing was 4 Jun 1942.) bio compiled by G47

Other Information

From the Press and Sun-Bulletin, Binghamton, New York, June 19, 1942:

Robert attended old St. John Avenue School, predecessor to Alexander Hamilton.

He was graduated from Binghamton Central High School in 1933, after playing tackle on the varsity football team for two years, ranking 29th in a large graduating class, serving as business manager of the school paper and writing for the Panorama. He also managed the baseball team and was a delegate to the Red Cross convention at Washington in his sophomore year.

After a year at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., in which he played football, entered the Naval Academy. . . .  After graduation, he served for a year and a half on the heavy cruiser Quincy before applying for transfer to the Naval Air Training School at Pensacola, Fla. Last October he was awarded his wings and assigned to Coronado air base near San Diego, Calif.

When the Japs struck at Pearl Harbor Dec. 4. Lieutenant Whitman was ordered to patrol duty along the California coast and shifted to the Alameda, Calif. Base.

Before being transferred to Hawaii, three months ago, he married Miss Josephine Jackson of San Francisco March 21, 1942. Almost immediately his squadron flew to Hawaii and his bride remained in San Francisco.

From the Press-Bulletin, June 22, 1942: [Robert's parents received a letter from R. C. Brixner, commander of Lieutenant Whitman's patrol squadron.]

"I deeply regret having to inform you that your son, Robert Scott Whitman, Jr., Lieutenant (junior grade) U. S. Navy, was killed in action with the enemy on June 4, 1942.

"The officers and men of Robert's squadron feel a deep personal loss in his passing. I had grown to know him well in the time he was in the squadron. I leaned heavily on him giving him responsibility after responsibility; he accepted them all cheerfully and did everything he attempted excellently.

"He died bravely and with no thought of self. His last words were of warning to his crew of impending crash.

"This he did after being wounded and while endeavoring to bring his crippled plane down safely. His every action was in accord with the best traditions of our navy service and of our country. We are proud of him and his squadron.

"His remains were carried down with his plane."

At Binghamton High School, Robert was known as "Scottie." "A man of might." Panorama, Literary Staff (2), Assistant Business Manager (3); Football, Junior Varsity, Varsity (4), Letter (4); Baseball Manager (3); Journalism Club (2); Delegate to Red Cross Convention in Washington (2); Class Notable: Class Bluffer. After graduation: Colgate University. Prophecy: Founder and leader of Cayenne Party, Scottsbluff, Neb.

Robert's parents were Robert, a bonds salesman, and Margaret. His brother George, a graduate of the University of Michigan, was employed as an aeronautical engineer.

His wife was listed as next of kin.

Namesake

USS Whitman (DE 24) was named in honor of Robert; the ship was sponsored by Josephine, his widow.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

October 1939
Ensign, USS Quincy


Others at or embarked at this command:
ENS Frank Peterson '33 (Cruiser Scouting Squadron (VCS) 7)
June 1940
Ensign, USS Quincy


Others at or embarked at this command:
ENS Frank Peterson '33 (Cruiser Scouting Squadron (VCS) 7)


Class of 1939

Robert is one of 78 members of the Class of 1939 on Virtual Memorial Hall.

The "category" links below lead to lists of related Honorees; use them to explore further the service and sacrifice of alumni in Memorial Hall.