CLARENCE ENGLAND, LT, USN

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

Clarence England '94

Date of birth: July 4, 1872

Date of death: July 28, 1906

Age: 34

Lucky Bag

From the 1894 Lucky Bag:


Loss

"Taken in Fall, 1893, this the class of 1894's football team, after they had won inter-class football championship at the US Naval Academy. Clarence England is center row, far left, in the white sweater."

Clarence was lost on July 28, 1906 when he was struck by a bullet while on the bridge of USS Chattanooga (Cruiser No. 16) in the port of Chefoo, China. The bullet had been fired from a French cruiser in the port while conducting small arms practice.

He was navigator of Chattanooga; the ship was leaving harbor at the time.

He was survived by his parents and is buried in Arkansas.

Note

The photo above is in the biography of Admiral Joseph Reeves, with this caption:

Footballers of '94

This picture is historic for several reasons. It shows the intra-mural football team of the class of 1894, although five of the men were varsity football stars, too. The Captain, J.M. Reeves, holding the ball wears the first football helmet ever used in a game. It was made for and worn by Reeves in the encounter from which the team pictured here had just emerged victorious, but not without a few scars. The chap sitting in front center is the American novelist Winston Churchill. Top Row, L-R: Roscoe Spear, Charles Webster, R.C. Moody, Frank Lyon Middle Row: Clarence England, Leland James,J.M. Reeves, A.G. Cavanagh, G.E. Gelm Front Row: W. Pitt Scott, Winston Churchill, C.S. Bookwalter.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

January 1896

Naval Cadet, San Francisco

January 1897

Ensign, Adams

January 1898

Ensign, Adams

January 1899

Ensign, Adams

January 1900

Lieutenant (j.g.), Training ship and station, Newport, Rhode Island

January 1901

Lieutenant (j.g.), Piscataqua

January 1902

Lieutenant (j.g.), Piscataqua

January 1903

Lieutenant, Annapolis

January 1904

Lieutenant, Constellation

January 1905

Lieutenant, Chattanooga

July 1906

Lieutenant, Chattanooga


Class of 1894

Clarence is one of 2 members of the Class of 1894 on Virtual Memorial Hall.