HUDSON M. GARLAND, LT, USN

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

Hudson Garland '55

Date of birth: December 20, 1830

Date of death: February 26, 1861

Age: 30


Loss

Hudson Martin Garland was born in Virginia and appointed to the Naval Academy from Michigan.

He died on February 26, 1861 in Brooklyn of pneumonia and is buried in Washington, D.C.

He was survived by his father, James Garland, a brother (who served in the Union Army), and two sisters (one of whom was married to General James Longstreet, a famous Confederate General).

Career

From researcher Kathy Franz:

Hudson was a midshipman on the Cyane who volunteered to accompany Lieutenant Isaac Strain’s Darien expedition of 1853-54. The expedition across the Darien Isthmus was to take only five days. The party of 27 became lost in the jungle for two months, and five men died before being rescued. J. T. Headley's article of the ordeal appeared in Harper's New Monthly Magazine, May 1855.

From the Naval History and Heritage Command:

Midshipman, 20 November, 1848. Passed Midshipman, 12 June, 1855. Master, 16 September, 1855. Lieutenant, 17 October, 1856. Died 26 February, 1861.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

January 1850

Midshipman, Razee Independence


Others at this command:

January 1851

Midshipman, Razee Independence

January 1852

Midshipman, Razee Independence

January 1853

Midshipman, Brig Dolphin

January 1856

Master, Frigate Potomac


Others at this command:

January 1857

Master, Steam Frigate Wabash


Others at this command:

January 1858

Lieutenant, Steam Frigate Wabash


Others at this command:

January 1860

Lieutenant, Steamer Mystic

Note

A special thank you to Kathy Franz, a historian who located Hudson's cause of death.



Class of 1855

Hudson is one of 7 members of the Class of 1855 on Virtual Memorial Hall.

The "category" links below lead to lists of related Honorees; use them to explore further the service and sacrifice of the alumni in Memorial Hall.