FRED R. NEWELL, JR., LTJG, USNR

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

Fred Newell, Jr. '37

Date of birth: March 28, 1915

Date of death: January 22, 1945

Age: 29

Lucky Bag

From the 1937 Lucky Bag:


Loss

Frank was captured by the Japanese in May 1942 when Corregidor fell. It appears that he was held in the Philippines until December 1944, when he was boarded onto the Oryoku Maru for transport to Japan. The ship came under attack from American planes on December 14th. As evening approached, the attack was called off. The next day the planes returned and continued the attack. The ship was sunk by American planes at Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, on December 15, 1944. The surviving POWs were boarded onto the Enoura Maru which sailed on December 27th and reached Takao, Formosa, by the New Year. While docked it was bombed by American planes on January 9, 1945, killing many of the POWs. The surviving POWs were boarded onto the Brazil Maru which sailed on January 13th and reached Japan on January 29, 1945. However, Frank died on January 22, 1945. It is unclear if he was aboard the Brazil Maru or was still in Takao.

His parents were listed as next of kin.

Wartime Service

Frank placed the yacht Maryanne — or Maryann; it appears in records with both spellings — in service on December 8, 1941. (Despite his Navy Cross citation, below, the ship does not seem to have ever been formally commissioned nor given a hull designation/number.) Frank, as an Ensign, was the commanding officer for nearly a month until January 4, 1942, when a Lieutenant took command. Frank, now as a LTjg, remained aboard.

From Wikipedia:

After destruction of facilities at Cavite Navy Yard on 10 December 1941 Maryann moved with Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three to Sisiman Bay on the Bataan Peninsula where the commandeered tug Trabajador served as tender to the squadron. Despite the need to patrol in pairs in the event one PT needed assistance from another, the critical shortage of spares and fuel often prevented such pairing. This resulted in one of the small converted patrol yachts — Maryann, Perry, or Fisheries II — being used to accompany the PT. On the night of 1 February Maryann was in company with PT-32, which was damaged "with her hull held together by a jury rig of wires and braces" and capable of only 22 knots (25 mph; 41 km/h) on a patrol off Bataan during which the PT made an attack on a large ship thought to be a cruiser.

Maryann was destroyed in early May 1942 to prevent capture by the Japanese. She was officially credited with one battle star for her participation in the defense of the Philippines.

Navy Cross

From Hall of Valor:

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lieutenant, Junior Grade Fred Rising Newell, Jr. (NSN: 0-78680), United States Naval Reserve, for heroism during combat with the enemy during the period 7 December 1941 to 7 March 1942, and 19 - 28 April 1942, while on board the U.S.S. MARYANNE, in the Philippine Islands. While exposed to frequent horizontal and dive bombing attacks by enemy Japanese air forces, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Newell directed the fire of his anti-aircraft battery and participated in operations of strategic importance in the Manila Bay area involving hazardous missions such as to reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.

Action Date: December 7, 1941 - April 28, 1942
Service: Navy
Rank: Lieutenant Junior Grade
Division: U.S.S. Maryanne

Prisoner of War Medal

From Hall of Valor:

Lieutenant, Junior Grade Fred Rising Newell, Jr. (NSN: 0-78680), United States Naval Reserve, was captured by the Japanese after the fall of Corregidor, Philippine Islands, on 6 May 1942, and was held as a Prisoner of War until his death while in captivity.

General Orders: NARA Database: Records of World War II Prisoners of War, created, 1942 - 1947
Action Date: May 6, 1942 - Died in Captivity
Service: Navy
Rank: Lieutenant Junior Grade
Division: Prisoner of War (Philippine Islands)


Class of 1937

Fred is one of 45 members of the Class of 1937 in Memorial Hall.