JOHN D. HARRIS, LTJG, USNR
John Harris '40
Date of birth: September 9, 1917
Date of death: November 5, 1942
John Daniel Harris was admitted to the Naval Academy from Ohio on June 25, 1936 at age 18 years 10 months.
He resigned from the Naval Academy on February 11, 1938 because he was “Deficient in studies, first term's work. Recommended to be dropped. Permitted to resign.”
John Daniel Harris is listed on the page titled “And Some We Knew.”
At 13.33 hours on 4 November 1942 the unescorted William Clark (Master Walter Edward Elian) was hit on the port side amidships by one of three torpedoes from U-354 off Jan Mayen Island. It is possible that the ship was earlier attacked and damaged by bombs from a German Ju88 aircraft of II./KG 30. The torpedo struck in the engine room, disabling the engine, flooding the room and killing the five men on watch below. 66 of the eight officers, 33 crewmen and 30 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 5in, one 3in and eight 20mm guns) abandoned ship in three lifeboats. The U-boat missed the ship with a torpedo at 14.00 hours and hit her ten minutes later with a coup de grâce on the starboard side amidships. The Liberty ship broke in two forward of the midship house and sank in a few minutes.
The lifeboats stayed together with the motorboat towing the other two, but they became separated in moderate seas. 26 survivors in one lifeboat were picked up after three days by HMS St. Elstan (FY 240) (Lt R.M. Roberts, RNR) about 20 miles from the sinking position and landed at Reykjavik on 14 November. On 12 November, 15 survivors and two bodies in another boat were picked up by HMS Cape Palliser (FY 256) (Lt B.T. Wortley, RNR), but an armed guard died before they were landed at Akureyri and two men lost their legs due to exposure. The motorboat with the master and 22 other men was never seen again after they set sail for Iceland. A total of four officers, 14 crewmen and 13 armed guards were lost.
The William Clark had left Boston in convoy BX-35, joined convoy SC-99 in Halifax and arrived in Iceland on 19 September. She was one of ten vessels sent unescorted and alone on the Murmansk run due to the high losses in previous convoys, but none of them reached their destination.
From U-Boat.net post on SS William Clark:
Son of Mr. Iver Harris, of New Philadelphia, OH. He was one of the 23 occupants in the motorboat that was never seen again after the sinking of William Clark.
His father was listed as next of kin; he was also survived by his mother, sister, and brother.
After leaving the Naval Academy he graduated from the University of Virginia in 1940 "and was summoned to duty 15 days later. He received a citation while serving on the cruiser Phoenix in the Pacific, but recently had been on duty in the Atlantic war zone." (The Evening Independent, December 29, 1942.)
John's date of rank (as Ensign) in the 1941 edition of "Commissioned Officers, Cadets, Midshipmen, and Warrant Officers of the United States Naval Reserve" was December 12, 1940.
The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.
The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.
The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.
Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.
Ensign, naval reserve, USS Phoenix
Others at or embarked at this command: ENS Carl Holmstrom '38 (Cruiser Scouting Squadron (VCS) 9).