RICHARD C. SAUFLEY, LTJG, USN

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

Richard Saufley '08

Date of birth: September 1, 1885

Date of death: June 9, 1916

Age: 30

Lucky Bag

From the 1908 Lucky Bag:

Loss

1908 Saufley 1.jpg
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1908 Saufley 2.jpg

From Find A Grave:

Ensign R. C. Saufley, USN, was designated Naval Aviator #14 in 1915. Graduated U.S. Naval Academy, Class of 1908. Killed in a flying accident at NAS Pensacola, Fla. when setting a new endurance record for seaplanes.

Richard was survived by his wife; he is buried in Kentucky.

Biography

From Heroes of the United States Naval Academy:

LTJG Saufley, as commanding officer of a torpedo-boat USS Biddle was court martialed. He became an early Naval Aviator and was an observer on the first aircraft used in combat. He survived one crash but was killed in the line of duty while attempting to add to his impressive list of aviation records.

Richard Caswell Saufley was born on September 1, 1885 in Stanford, Kentucky to Judge Micah Chrisman and Sallie (Rowan) Saufley. He attended Stanford Academy. Following high school, he attended Centre College in Danville, Kentucky for two years. On June 11, 1904, he entered the United States Naval Academy as a Midshipman. Midshipman Saufley was Assistant Business Manager of the Lucky Bag, and member of the Hop and Class German Committees. Midshipman Saufley graduated 37 of 201 Midshipman from the Naval Academy on June 5, 1908 as a Passed Midshipman.

From July 1, 1908 to October 30, 1912, Passed Midshipman Saufley was assigned to battleship USS Kansas (BB-21). On April 25, 1911, Ensign Saufley married Helen O’Rear, daughter of Judge Edward C. O’Rear of Frankfurt, Kentucky. In December 1911, Ensign Saufley was assigned as temporary Commanding Officer of torpedo boat destroyer USS Biddle. While assigned Ensign Saufley faced court martial on charges of disobedience of orders and for not reporting to his ship. According to the charges preferred against Ensign Saufley, the latter was ordered to proceed to sea at night with the Biddle. Ensign Saufley called up Commander John Bryson Patton (USNA 1889), Commandant of the Norfolk Navy Yard, on the telephone and informed him that his vessel was not fit for sea duty; that it was unserviceable and dangerous.

According to Ensign Saufley, he was ordered to take the Biddle form the Norfolk yard to Cape Henry with supplies for a wrecked collier Sterling. He did so after he had reported the Biddle unfit for sea duty. He returned from Cape Henry and no sooner tied up than he was ordered to again to go to the capes. It was nearly night, and he called up Commander Patton and informed him that the ship was in such a bad condition he did not care to take the responsibility of risking the lives of his crew. He said he did not fear for himself.

Commander Patton refused to take the responsibility of sending Ensign Saufley out. He did offer the services of a pilot. Ensign Saufley refused and this is the basis of the charges. One of the specifications is that he was personally afraid.

Some officers of the navy department said that Ensign Saufley was justified in refusing to go to sea in an unseaworthy boat, but they held that he should have notified the Commandant of the Norfolk yard sooner than he did of the condition of his vessel.

“Not a single torpedo boat in the Navy is in condition to go to sea and stand all kinds of rough weather,” was the statement of one of the naval constructors who said that Ensign Saufley ought to be commended for refusing to go to sea at night in the “tub.”

On December 26, 1911 a court martial was convened headed by Captain John G. Quinby (USNA 1878) with Captain P. M. Rixey Jr. USMC as judge advocate. Captain Pickering, USMC was defending Ensign Saufley. The court martial convicted Ensign Saufley of failure to obey the lawful order of a superior officer and sentenced him to loss of three numbers in grade and to receive a public reprimand. The yard captain’s superior officer intervened on Ensign Saufley’s behalf so that the loss of in grade standing was remitted. The public reprimand was satisfied by a court martial order published to the service.

By January 1, 1913, Ensign Saufley was assigned as Executive Officer to destroyer USS Terry (DD-25).

On June 6, 1913, Ensign Saufley was promoted to Lieutenant Junior Grade. The promotion board considered his court martial as a misunderstanding!

On November 10, 1913, LTJG Saufley was assigned to the United States Naval Academy for training in aviation in at Greenbury Point across the Severn River from the Naval Academy.

From March 1914, LTJG Saufley received training in the very first class for Naval Aviators at Pensacola, Florida. LTJG Saufley made his first solo flight at Pensacola on April 11, 1914.

During the Mexican campaign, LTJG Saufley was attached to old battleship USS Mississippi (BB-23) which was used as the aviation station ship. LTJG Saufley acted as navigator. USS Mississippi carried two Curtis hydroplanes in the hanger on the deck of the battleship and by the time the fleet arrived off Vera Cruz the flying machines were ready for immediate use. They were lowered over the side of the ship by cranes and they scudded across the harbor to the beach under their own power.

On May 6, 1914 at 0908 after receiving and urgent message, LTJG Saufley and pilot LTJG Bellinger (USNA 1907) flew a hydroaeroplane AH-3 over Vera Cruz on the first naval combat flight. LTJG Bellinger flew the plane and LTJG Saufley rode beside him as an observer and made a chart of all the territory around Vera Cruz showing where bridges were burned, tracks torn up and where some Mexican soldiers that they flew over were throwing up entrenchments. As the aviators headed northward along the coast toward Boca del Rio Antigua at an average altitude of 3,200 feet, they flew low over a group of Mexican Army stragglers, who opened fire with their rifles and hit the fragile plane. LTJG Bellinger immediately pulled up, and he and LTJG Saufley miraculously escaped unhurt. On returning to base, the men stepped out of AH-3 and grimly inspected the bullet holes in the wings. The first damage sustained by a United States aircraft from enemy fire.

Back at Pensacola by summer of 1914, LTJG Saufley passed his examinations and became a “qualified Naval Aviator.”

LTJG Saufley was assigned to cruiser USS North Carolina (Armored Cruiser No. 12). The North Carolina was the second official carrier and experimental ship of the Aviation Corps of the Navy. In August 1914, the North Carolina, was ordered to Europe to observe the Great War at close range. The North Carolina’s Captain reported that LTJG Saufley’s fluency in French served the Navy well in that period.

In early 1915, the United States Navy decided to issue certification to its aviators. The second batch designated LTJG Saufley as the holder of the Navy Air Pilot certificate number eight. Years later, when the term “Naval Aviator’ had come into use, the Navy issued LTJG Saufley naval aviator certificate number fourteen.

In March 1915, LTJG Saufley was assigned to head the aviation school at Pensacola Florida. The fact that he shared none of the hard-drinking, hell-raising characteristics of most of this contemporaries probably was a factor in his selection over several senior officers.

On March 13, 1915, LTJG Saufley and student Ensign Edward O. McDonnell (USNA 1912) were flying an AB2 airplane when it crashed. The plane LTJG Saufley was piloting stalled. The plane whipped down in “the deadly nose dive’ and crashed into the bay. Fortunately, they happened to be only some sixty feet from the water. Neither aviator received serious injury.

On December 3, 1915, LTJG Saufley set an American altitude record flying the Curtiss AH-14 to 11,975 feet over Pensacola, Florida.

On September 27, 1915, LTJG Saufley made the second successful aircraft launch from a catapult that he and LTJG Bellinger (USNA 1907) had installed on a barge.

In December 1915, LTJG Saufley made the first of a series of naval scouting flights, going sixty miles over the Gulf of Mexico. In the same month he established an altitude record of 12,135 feet.

On January 14, 1916, LTJG Saufley was ordered to maintenance shops of the Naval Aeronautic Station, Pensacola, Florida.

In March 1916, LTJG Saufley broke his own altitude record, soaring 16072 feet. This is higher than one is allowed to fly today without supplemental oxygen.

On June 9, 1916, LTJG Saufley, on an endurance flight in a Curtiss Model E hydroplane AH-9 pusher over Santa Rosa Island off Pensacola, crashed to his death after being in the air 8 hours and 51 minutes. Suddenly, the aircraft plunged vertically to the ground, the right elevator fluttered in plane's wake, until it crashed on Santa Rosa Island. With the engine in the back of the plane, LTJG Saufley’s head and chest were instantly crushed on impact. As a result of LTJG Saufley’s death the pushers never flew again in naval service.

LTJG Saufley had expressed the opinion that ninety percent of the accidents to airplanes and aviators were caused by recklessness on the part of the pilot, and he had asserted that if he were ever the victim of an accident, it would be from fault of the machine he was flying. Investigation of the plane in which he met his death showed that while it represented the last word in efficiency in that day, it contained green wood in its construction, and this green wood caused parts of the plane to break.

Namesakes

USSSaufley (DD 465) was named for Richard; the ship was sponsored by his widow, Helen.

Saufley Field is also named for him.

Memorial

Richard's classmates erected a plaque in his honor in Memorial Hall.

Officers at the Naval Aeronautic Station, Pensacola, Florida, circa July-November 1915. They are standing in front of a Curtiss AB type seaplane, and include both station staff and student aviators. They are identified (as numbered on the print) as: 1. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Harold W. Scofield, USN; 2. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) William M. Corry, Jr., USN; 3. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Clarence K. Bronson, USN; 4. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Ewart G. Haas, USN; 5. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Robert R. Paunack, USN; 6. 1st Lieutenant Francis T. Evans, USMC; 7. Lieutenant Earle F. Johnson, USN; 8. Lieutenant Albert C. Read, USN; 9. Lieutenant Commander Henry C. Mustin, USN, Naval Aeronautic Station Commandant; 10. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Patrick N.L. Bellinger, USN; 11. 1st Lieutenant Alfred A. Cunningham, USMC; 12. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Richard C. Saufley, USN; 13. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Joseph P. Norfleet, USN; 14. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Walter A. Edwards, USN; 15. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Harold T. Bartlett, USN; 16. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Earl W. Spencer, Jr., USN; 17. Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Edward O. McDonnell, USN. Photograph from the photo album of Vice Admiral T.T. Craven. Courtesy of Lieutenant Rodman DeKay, Jr., USNR (Retired), 1979. U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.
Left to right: Lieutenant V. D. Herbster, Lieutenant W. M. McIlvain, Lieutenant P. N. L. Bellinger, Lieutenant Richard Saufley '08, Lieutenant J. H. Towers, Lieutenant Commander H. C. Mustin, Lieutenant (Army) B. L. Smith, Ensign Godfrey Chevalier '10, and Ensign Melvin Stolz '10.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

January 1909

Midshipman, Kansas


Others at this command:

January 1910

Midshipman, Kansas

January 1911

Ensign, Kansas


Others at this command:

January 1912

Ensign, Kansas


Others at this command:

January 1913

Ensign, Terry

January 1914

Lieutenant (j.g.), Naval Academy (aviation)


Others at this command:

January 1915

Lieutenant (j.g.), Naval Aeronatic Station, Pensacola, Florida


Others at this command:

January 1916

Lieutenant (j.g.), Naval Aeronatic Station, Pensacola, Florida


Others at this command:


Class of 1908

Richard is one of 7 members of the Class of 1908 on Virtual Memorial Hall.

The "category" links below lead to lists of related Honorees; use them to explore further the service and sacrifice of the alumni in Memorial Hall.