ARTHUR L. NEWMAN, LT, USN

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

Arthur Newman '34

Date of birth: February 7, 1911

Date of death: February 18, 1942

Age: 31

Lucky Bag

From the 1934 Lucky Bag:

Loss

Arthur was lost when USS Truxtun (DD 229) grounded in Newfoundland on February 18, 1942. He was the ship's executive officer.

The book "Standing Into Danger" by Cassie Brown detail's Truxtun's loss, as well as the loss of USS Pollux (AKS 2) and USS Wilkes (DD 441). The website "Dead Reckoning: The Pollux-Truxtun Disaster" is also devoted to the topic.

His wife was listed as next of kin; Arthur was also survived by a daughter, Floranne Hope Newman, his parents, two sisters, and a brother (who graduated with the class of 1946). He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Navy and Marine Corps Medal

From Hall of Valor:

The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Navy and Marine Corps Medal (Posthumously) to Lieutenant Arthur L. Newman, United States Navy, for heroic conduct as Executive Officer of the U.S.S. TRUXTON when she foundered off the coast of Newfoundland on 18 February 1942. Lieutenant Newman exposed himself to powerful wind and subzero temperature to carry out all orders. His self-sacrificing efforts on behalf of others were largely responsible for the rescue of those who survived the eventual destruction of the TRUXTON.

General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Action Date: February 18, 1942
Service: Navy
Rank: Lieutenant
Company: Executive Officer
Division: U.S.S. Truxton

Early Life

From the Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, New York), 25 Feb 1942:

Lieutenant Newman attended Seneca Falls elementary schools and was graduated from Mynderse Academy, Seneca Falls, with honors in 1929. He immediately enlisted in the Navy and after spending a year in the Naval Preparatory School at Annapolis was admitted to the Naval Academy…. He had seen service in Hawaii and along the Pacific Coast. Lieutenant Newman was married in 1936.

Career

Arthur began his career in USS Arizona (BB 39) according to the 1934 Navy Directory. By the 1935 Navy Directory's publish date he had moved to USS Biddle (DD 151); in 1936 and 1937 he was aboard USS Tillman (DD 135).

In the 1938, 1939, 1940, and 1941 Navy Directories he is listed as a LTjg and serving with USS Brooklyn (CL 40).

Related Articles

Elmer D. Anderson '35, James W. Danforth '38, and Ralph Hickox '27 were also lost when Truxton was grounded.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

January 1935

Ensign, USS Arizona

Others at this command: ENS Robert Vandling '32, 2LT David McDougal '33, and ENS Charles Brewer '34.

Others at or embarked at this command: LTjg Robert Coates '30 (Observation Plane Squadron (VO) 2B).

April 1935

Ensign, USS Biddle

Others at this command: LTjg Elliott Marshall '31.

October 1935

Ensign, USS Tillman

January 1936

Ensign, USS Tillman

Others at this command: LT Lawrence McPeake '24.

April 1936

Ensign, USS Tillman

July 1936

Ensign, USS Tillman

January 1937

Ensign, USS Tillman

Others at this command: LTjg Clifford Janz '31.

April 1937

Ensign, engineering officer, USS Tillman

Others at this command: LTjg Clifford Janz '31.

September 1937

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Brooklyn

January 1938

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Brooklyn

July 1938

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Brooklyn

January 1939

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Brooklyn

Others at or embarked at this command: LTjg James Tyler '34 (Aviation Unit).

October 1939

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Brooklyn

Others at or embarked at this command: LTjg James Tyler '34 (Aviation Unit).

June 1940

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Brooklyn

Others at this command: ENS Burton Hanson '40, ENS Donald Bried '40, and ENS John Keough '40.

November 1940

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Brooklyn

Others at this command: ENS Burton Hanson '40, ENS Donald Bried '40, and ENS John Keough '40.

April 1941

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Brooklyn

Others at this command: ENS Burton Hanson '40, ENS Donald Bried '40, ENS John Keough '40, and ENS Walter Shrout '41.

Others at or embarked at this command: LTjg John Boal '37 (Cruiser Scouting Squadron (VCS) 8).


Class of 1934

Arthur is one of 41 members of the Class of 1934 on Virtual Memorial Hall.