From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

Andrew Cummings '53

Date of birth: June 22, 1830

Date of death: March 18, 1863

Age: 32

Lucky Bag

The Lucky Bag was first published in 1894.

Biography & Loss

1853 Cummings 1.jpg

From the Naval History and Heritage Command:

Andrew Boyd Cummings was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 22 June 1830. He was appointed a Midshipman in the Navy in April 1847 and subsequently served at the U.S. Naval Academy and at sea on the frigate Brandywine, ship of the line Ohio and the sloops of war Saratoga and Marion. In 1853-1855, as a Passed Midshipman, Cummings was assigned to the steamer Fulton. Simultaneously promoted to the ranks of Master and Lieutenant in September 1855, his next shipboard service was on the sloop of war Dale in the African Squadron. In 1859 Lieutenant Cummings joined the steam sloop Richmond, remaining in her during her 1860-1861 Mediterranean deployment.

After Richmond returned to the United States in mid-1861 she, with Cummings as her First Lieutenant and Executive Officer, undertook active service against the Confederacy in the Gulf of Mexico, most notably the April 1862 capture of New Orleans and subsequent operations up the Mississippi River. Specifically commended for his performance, he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander in July 1862. Andrew Boyd Cummings was gravely wounded during Richmond's 14 March 1863 attempt to pass the batteries at Vicksburg, Mississippi and died four days later.

He is listed on the killed in action panel in the front of Memorial Hall. Andrew is buried in Pennsylvania.


"Photograph from a Carte de Visite by Augustus Morand, Brooklyn, New York, circa 1862. Courtesy of Dr. Walter B. LaBerge, Under Secretary of the Army, 1978. U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph."

From the Naval History and Heritage Command:

Midshipman, 7 April, 1847. Passed Midshipman, 10 June, 1853. Master, 15 September, 1855. Lieutenant, 16 September, 1855. Lieutenant Commander, 16 July, 1862. Died 18 March, 1863.


USS Cummings (Destroyer No. 44) and USS Cummings (DD 365) were named for Andrew; the ships were both sponsored by his niece.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

January 1848

Midshipman, Ohio, 74

January 1849

Midshipman, Ohio, 74

January 1850

Midshipman, Ohio, 74

January 1851

Midshipman, Sloop Saratoga

Others at this command:

January 1852

Midshipman, Sloop Saratoga

Others at this command:

January 1854

Passed Midshipman, Steamer Fulton

January 1855

Passed Midshipman, Steamer Fulton

January 1856

Lieutenant, waiting orders

January 1857

Lieutenant, Receiving ship, Philadelphia

January 1858

Lieutenant, Sloop Dale

Others at this command:

January 1860

Lieutenant, Receiving ship, Philadelphia

September 1861

Lieutenant, Steam Sloop Richmond

September 1862

Lieutenant Commander, Steam Sloop Richmond

January 1863

Lieutenant Commander, Steam Sloop Richmond

Class of 1853

Andrew is one of 9 members of the Class of 1853 on Virtual Memorial Hall.

The "category" links below lead to lists of related Honorees; use them to explore further the service and sacrifice of the alumni in Memorial Hall.