DAVID K. CLAUDE, LTCOL, USMC

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

David Claude '24

Date of birth: March 2, 1903

Date of death: November 22, 1943

Age: 40

Naval Academy Register

David Kerr Claude was admitted to the Naval Academy from Illinois on August 4, 1920 at age 17 years 5 months.

He resigned on February 16, 1923.

Lucky Bag

On the "Parted Links" page:

D. K. CLAUDE, Maryland

Dave likes the "Gyrene" life he is leading in San Domingo, but he's a damn good fellow for the Navy to send into the Marine Corps.

Loss

Claude, from the November 1957 issue of Shipmate.

David was killed in action against the Japanese on November 22, 1943 during the Battle of Tarawa. He was temporarily attached to the 2nd Marine Division as a Senior Observer; he was the commanding officer of the 1st Battalion, 23rd Marines, which was training in California at the time. He took command of the Battalion in January 1943 and was referenced as "everyone's favorite Battalion commander" in this history.

His wife was listed as next of kin. John is buried in the Naval Academy Cemetery.

Silver Star

From Hall of Valor:

The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Silver Star (Posthumously) to Lieutenant Colonel David Kerr Claude (MCSN: 0-3963), United States Marine Corps, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action as military observer attached to the SECOND Marine Division during action against enemy Japanese forces on Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, November 20-22, 1943. Constantly subjected to a devastating barrage of enemy rifle and machine gun fire while proceeding to the beach in a landing boat, Lieutenant Colonel Claude sighted a number of seriously wounded men in danger of drowning. Unhesitatingly exposing himself to the direct line of hostile fire, he valiantly plunged into the treacherous waters, repeatedly swimming distances of from 30 to 75 yards in order to bring the man back to his own boat from which they were transferred to other craft for medical attention. Finally gaining the beachhead after successfully completing his perilous act, Lieutenant Colonel Claude gathered information vital to subsequent operations before he was killed by enemy fire while proceeding on an important mission to a forward command post. His splendid initiative, great personal valor and unrelenting devotion to duty in the face of grave peril directly contributed to the saving of many lives and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

General Orders: CITATION:
Service: Marine Corps
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Division: 2d Marine Division

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

March 1925

2nd Lieutenant, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia

May 1925

2nd Lieutenant, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia

July 1925

2nd Lieutenant, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia

October 1925

2nd Lieutenant, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

January 1926

2nd Lieutenant, Post & Staff, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

October 1926

2nd Lieutenant, Expeditionary Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

Others at or embarked at this command: 2LT Charles Kail '23 (Aircraft Squadrons, East Coast Expeditionary Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia).

January 1927

2nd Lieutenant, Expeditionary Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

Others at this command: 2LT Edward Trumble '25.

Others at or embarked at this command: 2LT Charles Kail '23 (Aircraft Squadrons, East Coast Expeditionary Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia).

April 1927

2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua

Others at this command: 1LT Frederick Chappelle '20.

October 1927

2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua

January 1928

2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua

April 1928

2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua

Others at this command: 2LT Guy Chappell '27 and 2LT Raymond Rutledge '27.

Others at or embarked at this command: 2LT Charles Kail '23 (Aircraft Squadron, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua).

July 1928

2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua

Others at this command: 2LT Guy Chappell '27 and 2LT Raymond Rutledge '27.

Others at or embarked at this command: 2LT Charles Kail '23 (Aircraft Squadron, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua).

October 1928

2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua

Others at this command: 2LT Guy Chappell '27 and 2LT Raymond Rutledge '27.

Others at or embarked at this command: 2LT Charles Kail '23 (Aircraft Squadron, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua).

January 1929

2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua

Others at or embarked at this command: 1LT Charles Kail '23 (Aircraft Squadron, 2nd Marine Brigade, Nicaragua).

April 1929

2nd Lieutenant, USS Wyoming

Others at this command: LT Paul Slawson '20, LTjg Harold Pound '25, ENS Sidney Smith '26, and ENS John Pierce '28.

July 1929

2nd Lieutenant, USS Wyoming

Others at this command: LT Paul Slawson '20, LTjg Sidney Smith '26, ENS John Pierce '28, and ENS John Bermingham '29.

October 1929

2nd Lieutenant, USS Wyoming

Others at this command: LT Paul Slawson '20, LTjg Sidney Smith '26, ENS Donald Lovelace '28, ENS John Pierce '28, and ENS John Bermingham '29.

January 1930

2nd Lieutenant, USS Wyoming

Others at this command: LT Paul Slawson '20, LTjg Sidney Smith '26, ENS Donald Lovelace '28, ENS John Pierce '28, and ENS John Bermingham '29.

April 1930

2nd Lieutenant, USS Wyoming

Others at this command: LT Paul Slawson '20, LTjg Sidney Smith '26, ENS John Pierce '28, and ENS John Bermingham '29.

October 1930

1st Lieutenant, Marine Barracks, Naval Academy

Others at this command: 1LT Charles Kail '23 and 2LT Paul Moret '30.

January 1931

1st Lieutenant, Marine Barracks, Naval Academy

Others at this command: 1LT Charles Kail '23.

April 1931

1st Lieutenant, Marine Barracks, Naval Academy

Others at this command: 1LT Charles Kail '23.

July 1931

1st Lieutenant, Marine Detachment, Camp Rapidan, Criglersville, Virginia

October 1931

1st Lieutenant, staff, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

Others at this command: 2LT Thomas Jordan '26.

Others at or embarked at this command: 2LT Harold Bauer '30 (Expeditionary Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia) and 2LT Paul Moret '30 (Expeditionary Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia).

January 1932

1st Lieutenant, Expeditionary Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

Others at this command: 2LT Harold Bauer '30 and 2LT Paul Moret '30.

April 1932

1st Lieutenant, Expeditionary Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

October 1932

1st Lieutenant, Headquarters, Marine Corps, Washington, D.C.

January 1933

1st Lieutenant, Headquarters, Marine Corps, Washington, D.C.

April 1933

1st Lieutenant, staff, Marine Base San Diego

Others at this command: 2LT John Heil '28.

July 1933

1st Lieutenant, USS Utah

October 1933

1st Lieutenant, USS Utah

April 1934

1st Lieutenant, USS Utah

Others at this command: LTjg Joseph Flynn '27 and LTjg William Potts '27.

July 1934

1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: ENS Reader Scott '32, ENS Burden Hastings '33, ENS John McCormack, Jr. '33, and ENS William Drumtra '34.

October 1934

1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LT Mark Crouter '20, ENS Reader Scott '32, ENS Burden Hastings '33, ENS John McCormack, Jr. '33, and ENS William Drumtra '34.

January 1935

1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LT Mark Crouter '20, ENS Reader Scott '32, ENS Burden Hastings '33, ENS John McCormack, Jr. '33, and ENS William Drumtra '34.

April 1935

1st Lieutenant, staff, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

Others at or embarked at this command: CAPT Ronald Boone '20 (Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia), CAPT Stuart King '20 (Fleet Marine Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia), CAPT Ralph Forsyth '22 (Fleet Marine Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia), 1LT Charles Kail '23 (Fleet Marine Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia), and 1LT John Heil '28 (Fleet Marine Force, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia).

October 1935

1st Lieutenant, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Others at or embarked at Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: LTjg Arthur Farrell '25 (Naval Aircraft Factory, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).

January 1936

1st Lieutenant, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Others at or embarked at Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: LTjg Arthur Farrell '25 (Naval Aircraft Factory, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).

April 1936

Captain, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Others at or embarked at Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: LTjg Arthur Farrell '25 (Naval Aircraft Factory, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).

July 1936

Captain, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Others at or embarked at Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: CDR Walter Webster '11 (Naval Aircraft Factory, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).

January 1937

Captain, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Others at or embarked at Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: CDR Walter Webster '11 (Naval Aircraft Factory, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), ENS George Fuller '35 (Naval Finance & Supply School, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), and ENS Graham Bright '35 (Naval Finance & Supply School, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).

April 1937

Captain, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Others at this command: 2LT Ralph Haas '36 and 2LT Robert Moore '36.

Others at or embarked at Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: CDR Walter Webster '11 (Naval Aircraft Factory, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), LTjg Dudley Morton '30 (Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), ENS George Fuller '35 (Naval Finance & Supply School, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), and ENS Graham Bright '35 (Naval Finance & Supply School, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).

September 1937

Captain, Army Infantry School, Ft. Benning, Georgia

Others at this command: 1LT John Heil '28.

January 1938

Captain, Army Infantry School, Ft. Benning, Georgia

Others at this command: 1LT John Heil '28.

July 1938

Captain, for assignment, 6th Marines, Marine Base San Diego, California

January 1939

Captain, Company A commanding officer, 1st Battalion, 6th Marines, Marine Base San Diego, California

Others at this command: CAPT Harry Lang '29.

October 1939

Captain, Headquarters Company, 6th Marines, Marine Base San Diego, California

Others at or embarked at this command: CAPT Chandler Johnson '29 (1st Battalion, 6th Marines, Marine Base San Diego, California) and CAPT Harry Lang '29 (1st Battalion, 6th Marines, Marine Base San Diego, California).

June 1940

Captain, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

Others at this command: CAPT John Heil '28.

November 1940

Major, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

Others at this command: CAPT John Heil '28, CAPT Francis Williams '30, and 2LT Philip Weems, Jr. '40.

April 1941

Major, staff, Marine Corps Schools, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia

Others at this command: CAPT John Heil '28, CAPT Francis Williams '30, 2LT Floyd Cummings '41, 2LT Kenneth Brown '41, 2LT Richard Harrison '41, and 2LT William Clay, Jr. '41.


Class of 1924

David is one of 42 members of the Class of 1924 on Virtual Memorial Hall.