NORMAN SCOTT, RADM, USN

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

Norman Scott '11

Date of birth: August 10, 1889

Date of death: November 13, 1942

Age: 53

Lucky Bag

From the 1911 Lucky Bag:


Loss

1911 Scott 1.jpg

Norman was lost when USS Atlanta (CL 51) was sunk on November 13, 1942 during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal.

His wife, Marjorie, was listed as next of kin; he was also survived by his son. Norman has a memory marker in Indiana.

Biography

"Probably photographed while he was Commanding Officer of USS Pensacola (CA-24), circa 1940-41"

From Wikipedia:

Scott was born August 10, 1889 in Indianapolis, Indiana. Appointed to the Naval Academy in 1907, he graduated four years later and received his commission as ensign in March 1912. During 1911–13, Ensign Scott served in the battleship USS Idaho (BB-24), then served in destroyers and related duty. In December 1917, he was executive officer of USS Jacob Jones (DD-61) when she was sunk by a German submarine and was commended for his performance at that time. During the rest of World War I, Lieutenant Scott had duty in the Navy Department and as Naval Aide to President Woodrow Wilson. In 1919, while holding the temporary rank of lieutenant commander, he was in charge of a division of Eagle Boats (PE) and commanded Eagle PE-2 and Eagle PE-3.

During the first years of the 1920s, Norman Scott served afloat in destroyers and in the battleship USS New York (BB-34) and ashore in Hawaii. From 1924 to 1930, he was assigned to the staff of Commander Battle Fleet and as an instructor at the Naval Academy. He commanded the destroyers USS MacLeish (DD-220) and USS Paul Jones (DD-230) in the early 1930s, then had further Navy Department duty and attended the Naval War College's Senior Course. After a tour as executive officer of the light cruiser USS Cincinnati (CL-6), Commander Scott was a member of the U.S. Naval Mission to Brazil in 1937–39. Following promotion to the rank of captain, he was commanding officer of the heavy cruiser USS Pensacola (CA-24) until shortly after the United States entered World War II in December 1941.

Captain Scott was assigned to the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations during the first months of 1942. After becoming a rear admiral in May, he was sent to the south Pacific, where he commanded a fire support group during the invasion of Guadalcanal and Tulagi in early August. Rear Admiral Scott continued to lead surface task units for the next three months, as the campaign to hold Guadalcanal intensified. He was present during the Battle of Savo Island on the cruiser USS San Juan (CL-54), albeit miles from the action. In September 1942, he was named commander of Task Force 64, a mixed Cruiser-Destroyer surface warfare unit. The combat-minded, pugilistic Scott thoroughly trained and drilled his combat group in gunnery, maneuvers, and night fighting . This training paid off when, on 11-12 October 1942, he led his force to victory in the Battle of Cape Esperance, the U.S. Navy's first surface victory of the campaign. He maneuvered his ships so as to successfully perform the classically desired "Crossing the T" of the opposing Japanese force.

A month later, on November 13, he was second-in-command during the initial night action of the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. Many felt, at the time and with hindsight, that the fighting-minded and experienced Scott would have made a more effective overall commander of the US force than inexperienced first-in-command Daniel J. Callaghan did, and that Scott perhaps would not have made some of the mistakes that Callaghan did. Regardless, in that wild and brutal fight, Rear Admiral Norman Scott was killed in action when the bridge of his flagship, the light cruiser USS Atlanta (CL-51), was smashed by gunfire, possibly by "friendly fire" from Callaghan's flagship, the heavy cruiser USS San Francisco (CA-38), which joined with an enemy torpedo to fatally damage the Atlanta. For his "extraordinary heroism and conspicuous intrepidity" in the October and November battles, he posthumously received the Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor

From Hall of Valor:

The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) to Rear Admiral Norman Scott (NSN: 0-7749), United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty during action against enemy Japanese forces off Savo Island on the night of 11 - 12 October and again on the night of 12 - 13 November 1942. In the earlier action, intercepting a Japanese Task Force intent upon storming our island positions and landing reinforcements at Guadalcanal, Rear Admiral Scott, with courageous skill and superb coordination of the units under his command, destroyed eight hostile vessels and put the others to flight. Again challenged, a month later, by the return of a stubborn and persistent foe, he led his force into a desperate battle against tremendous odds, directing close-range operations against the invading enemy until he himself was killed in the furious bombardment by their superior firepower. On each of these occasions his dauntless initiative, inspiring leadership and judicious foresight in a crisis of grave responsibility contributed decisively to the rout of a powerful invasion fleet and to the consequent frustration of a formidable Japanese offensive. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.

Service: Navy
Division: U.S.S. Atlanta (CL-51)

The medal was presented by President Roosevelt to Norman's son, Norman Scott, Jr., then a Naval Academy midshipman, on December 9, 1942.

Namesakes

From Wikipedia:

The U.S. Navy ships USS Norman Scott (DD 690), 1943–1973, and USS Scott (DDG 995), 1981–1998, were named in honor of Rear Admiral Scott. The Scott Center Annex, adjacent to Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth Virginia, is named for him. The Norman Scott Natatorium at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland is named for him for being instrumental in introducing intercollegiate swimming to the Naval Academy as a midshipmen. Norman Scott Road on Naval Base San Diego also honors his memory.

USS Norman Scott (DD 690) was sponsored by his widow.

Related Articles

Stanton Kalk '16 was also aboard Jacob Jones when she was torpedoed in 1917.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

January 1912

Midshipman, Idaho

Others at this command: MIDN Henry Cecil '10 and MIDN John Zenor '11.

January 1913

Ensign, Idaho

Others at this command: ENS John Zenor '11.

January 1914

Ensign, Dixie

January 1915

Ensign, USS Ammen

January 1916

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Ammen

January 1917

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS Jacob Jones

March 1918

Lieutenant, without orders

January 1919

Lieutenant Commander, Office of Naval Operations

Others at this command: LCDR Emory Coil '12.

January 1920

Lieutenant Commander, commanding officer, Eagle Division, 3rd Naval District

January 1921

Lieutenant Commander, USS New York

Others at this command: LCDR Joseph Murphy '09, LCDR Donald Godwin '11, ENS LaRue Lawbaugh '20, and ENS Joseph McGinley '21.

January 1922

Lieutenant, USS Burns

May 1923

Lieutenant Commander, Naval Air Station Pearl Harbor

Others at this command: CDR John Rodgers '03 and LT William Hactor '15.

July 1923

Lieutenant Commander, Naval Air Station Pearl Harbor

Others at this command: CDR John Rodgers '03 and LT William Hactor '15.

September 1923

Lieutenant Commander, Aide to Commandant, 14th Naval District

November 1923

Lieutenant Commander, Aide to Commandant, 14th Naval District

January 1924

Lieutenant Commander, Aide to Commandant, 14th Naval District

March 1924

Lieutenant Commander, Aide to Commandant, 14th Naval District

May 1924

Lieutenant Commander, Aide to Commandant, 14th Naval District

July 1924

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LTjg LaRue Lawbaugh '20, ENS Raymond Hansen '22, ENS Donald Weller '23, ENS Charles McDonald '24, and ENS Robert Sayre '24.

September 1924

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LTjg LaRue Lawbaugh '20, ENS Raymond Hansen '22, ENS Donald Weller '23, ENS Charles McDonald '24, and ENS Robert Sayre '24.

November 1924

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LTjg LaRue Lawbaugh '20, ENS Raymond Hansen '22, ENS Donald Weller '23, ENS Charles McDonald '24, and ENS Robert Sayre '24.

January 1925

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LTjg LaRue Lawbaugh '20, ENS Raymond Hansen '22, ENS Donald Weller '23, ENS Charles McDonald '24, and ENS Robert Sayre '24.

March 1925

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LTjg LaRue Lawbaugh '20, ENS Raymond Hansen '22, ENS Donald Weller '23, ENS Charles McDonald '24, and ENS Robert Sayre '24.

May 1925

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

July 1925

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: ENS Creighton Lankford '25 and ENS Harold Madsen '25.

October 1925

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LT Robert Smith, Jr. '19, ENS Creighton Lankford '25, and ENS Harold Madsen '25.

January 1926

Lieutenant Commander, 1st Lieutenant, USS Idaho

Others at this command: LT Robert Smith, Jr. '19, ENS Creighton Lankford '25, and ENS Harold Madsen '25.

October 1926

Lieutenant Commander, Battle Fleet Staff personnel officer, USS California

Others at this command: LCDR Henry Cecil '10 and LT Horatio Sickel, IV '20.

January 1927

Lieutenant Commander, Battle Fleet Staff personnel officer, USS California

Others at this command: LCDR Henry Cecil '10 and LT Horatio Sickel, IV '20.

April 1927

Lieutenant Commander, Battle Fleet Staff personnel officer, USS California

Others at this command: LCDR Henry Cecil '10 and LT Horatio Sickel, IV '20.

Others at or embarked at this command: LTjg Matthias Marple, Jr. '23 (Observation Plane Squadron (VO) 2).

April 1930

Lieutenant Commander, Naval Academy

Others at this command: LCDR James Logan '10, LCDR Robert English '11, LCDR Cassin Young '16, LT John Gillon '20, LT Joseph Hubbard '21, LT Edward Metcalfe '22, LTjg John French '22, LT William Ault '22, and LTjg John Cromwell '24.

Others at or embarked at this command: 1LT Charles Kail '23 (Marine Barracks, Naval Academy).

October 1930

Lieutenant Commander, USS Jason

January 1931

Lieutenant Commander, USS Jason

April 1931

Lieutenant Commander, USS Jason

July 1931

Lieutenant Commander, commanding officer, USS MacLeish

October 1931

Lieutenant Commander, commanding officer, USS MacLeish

January 1932

Lieutenant Commander, commanding officer, USS MacLeish

April 1932

Lieutenant Commander, commanding officer, USS Paul Jones

October 1932

Commander, Bureau of Navigation, Washington, D.C.

Others at this command: CAPT Isaac Kidd '06, LT John Gillon '20, LTjg Everett Abdill '24, LTjg Richard Baron '24, and LTjg Adolph Hede '25.

January 1933

Commander, Bureau of Navigation, Washington, D.C.

Others at this command: CAPT Isaac Kidd '06, LT John Gillon '20, LTjg Everett Abdill '24, LTjg Richard Baron '24, and LTjg Adolph Hede '25.

April 1933

Commander, Bureau of Navigation, Washington, D.C.

Others at this command: CAPT Isaac Kidd '06, LT John Gillon '20, LTjg Everett Abdill '24, LTjg Richard Baron '24, LTjg Adolph Hede '25, and LTjg Mannert Abele '26.

July 1933

Commander, Bureau of Navigation, Washington, D.C.

Others at this command: CAPT Isaac Kidd '06, LT John Gillon '20, LTjg Richard Baron '24, LTjg Adolph Hede '25, and LTjg Mannert Abele '26.

October 1933

Commander, Bureau of Navigation, Washington, D.C.

Others at this command: CAPT Isaac Kidd '06, LT John Gillon '20, LTjg Richard Baron '24, and LTjg Mannert Abele '26.

April 1934

Commander, Bureau of Navigation, Washington, D.C.

Others at this command: CAPT Isaac Kidd '06, LT John Gillon '20, and LTjg Mannert Abele '26.

July 1934

Commander, under instruction, Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island

Others at this command: CDR Mervyn Bennion '10.

October 1934

Commander, under instruction, Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island

Others at this command: CDR Mervyn Bennion '10.

January 1935

Commander, under instruction, Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island

Others at this command: CDR Mervyn Bennion '10.

April 1935

Commander, under instruction, Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island

Others at this command: CDR Mervyn Bennion '10.

October 1935

Commander, executive officer, USS Cincinnati

Others at this command: ENS Archibald Stone, Jr. '34.

January 1936

Commander, executive officer, USS Cincinnati

Others at this command: ENS Glenn Dunagan '33 and ENS Archibald Stone, Jr. '34.

April 1936

Commander, executive officer, USS Cincinnati

Others at this command: LTjg Seymour Owens '31, ENS Glenn Dunagan '33, and ENS Archibald Stone, Jr. '34.

July 1936

Commander, executive officer, USS Cincinnati

Others at this command: LTjg James Willis '27, LTjg Seymour Owens '31, ENS Glenn Dunagan '33, and ENS Archibald Stone, Jr. '34.

January 1937

Commander, Naval Mission to Brazil

April 1937

Commander, Naval Mission to Brazil

September 1937

Commander, Naval Mission to Brazil

January 1938

Commander, Naval Mission to Brazil

July 1938

Commander, Naval Mission to Brazil

January 1939

Commander, Naval Mission to Brazil

October 1939

Captain, Naval Mission to Brazil

June 1940

Captain, commanding officer, USS Pensacola

Others at this command: LT Earl Olsen '26, ENS Walter Douglas, Jr. '39, and ENS Alan Schirmer '40.

November 1940

Captain, commanding officer, USS Pensacola

Others at this command: LT Earl Olsen '26, ENS Walter Douglas, Jr. '39, and ENS Alan Schirmer '40.

April 1941

Captain, commanding officer, USS Pensacola

Others at this command: LT Earl Olsen '26, ENS Walter Douglas, Jr. '39, ENS Alan Schirmer '40, and ENS Jay Moss '41.


Class of 1911

Norman is one of 15 members of the Class of 1911 on Virtual Memorial Hall.