THOMAS W. MARSHALL, JR., LCDR, USN

From USNA Virtual Memorial Hall

Thomas Marshall, Jr. '30

Date of birth: December 22, 1906

Date of death: February 28, 1942

Age: 35

Lucky Bag

From the 1930 Lucky Bag:


Loss

1930 Marshall 1.jpg

Thomas was lost when USS Jacob Jones (DD 130) was torpedoed on the morning of February 28, 1942 by U-578 off the coast of Delaware.

From the March 3, 1942 Naval communique reprinted in the April, 1942 issue of Shipmates:

The USS JACOB JONES, a World War destroyer, was sunk by an enemy submarine off Cape May, New Jersey, just before dawn on February 28, 1942.

There were only eleven survivors consisting of nine engine room ratings and two apprentice seamen. Factual information in regard to the circumstances that led to the sinking is sparse because of the lack of deck ratings among the survivors. It has been established, however, that prior to receiving the first torpedo hit, the enemy submarine was not sighted nor was the torpedo.

The first torpedo blew up the bow and apparently killed all the personnel on the bridge as well as the men sleeping in the forward living compartments. The second torpedo, which was fired after the submarine circled ahead of the JACOB JONES, blew up the stern and all the depth charges.

The only survivors, except one man from the after engine room, were in the amidship section when the stern was blown up.

His father was listed as next of kin. He was also survived by a brother, who retired from the Navy as a Commander.

Biography

From Destroyer History:

Lt. Comdr. Thomas W. Marshall, Jr., born 22 December 1906 in the District of Columbia, graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy and was commissioned ensign 5 June 1930. Prior to 1939 he served in Nevada, Marblehead, Houston, John D. Ford and S-42.

On 15 June 1939 he joined Jacob Jones as executive officer. Lt. Comdr. Marshall was killed when Jacob Jones was sunk by enemy torpedo off Cape May, N.J., 28 February 1942.

Namesake

USS Marshall (DD 676) was named for Thomas.

Related Articles

Hugh D. Black '26, Burton R. Hanson '40, and Norman C. Smith '42 were also lost when Jacob Jones was torpedoed.

Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s; it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940; the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands; this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions; they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.

October 1930

Ensign, USS Nevada

Others at this command: LCDR Donald Godwin '11, LT Robert Smith, Jr. '19, ENS William Millican '28, ENS James Coe '30, and ENS Samuel Dealey '30.

Others at or embarked at this command: ENS John Nelson '28 (Observation Plane Squadron (VO) 3B).

January 1931

Ensign, USS Nevada

Others at this command: LCDR Donald Godwin '11, LT Robert Smith, Jr. '19, ENS William Millican '28, ENS James Coe '30, and ENS Samuel Dealey '30.

Others at or embarked at this command: ENS John Nelson '28 (Observation Plane Squadron (VO) 3B).

October 1931

Ensign, USS Marblehead

Others at this command: LT Raymond Tuttle '22.

Others at or embarked at this command: LT John Gillon '20 (Scouting Plane Squadron (VS) 5S).

January 1932

Ensign, USS Marblehead

Others at this command: LT Raymond Tuttle '22.

Others at or embarked at this command: LT John Gillon '20 (Scouting Plane Squadron (VS) 5S).

April 1932

Ensign, 16th Naval District

October 1932

Ensign, USS Houston

Others at this command: LT William Haynsworth, Jr. '23.

January 1933

Ensign, USS Houston

Others at this command: LT William Haynsworth, Jr. '23.

Others at or embarked at this command: LT David Roberts '21 (Asiatic Fleet).

April 1933

Ensign, USS Houston

Others at this command: LT William Haynsworth, Jr. '23.

Others at or embarked at this command: LT David Roberts '21 (Asiatic Fleet).

July 1933

Ensign, for assignment, Destroyer Squadron 5, USS Black Hawk

October 1933

Ensign, USS John D. Ford

April 1934

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS John D. Ford

July 1934

Lieutenant (j.g.), staff, Asiatic Fleet, USS Augusta

Others at this command: LT David Roberts '21.

Others at or embarked at USS Augusta: LT Hubert Hayter '24 (USS Augusta), ENS Lee Pancake '31 (USS Augusta), and ENS Herbert Coleman '32 (USS Augusta).

October 1934

Lieutenant (j.g.), staff, Asiatic Fleet, USS Augusta

Others at this command: LT David Roberts '21.

Others at or embarked at USS Augusta: LT Hubert Hayter '24 (USS Augusta), LTjg James Smith, Jr. '25 (USS Augusta), LTjg Lee Pancake '31 (USS Augusta), and ENS Herbert Coleman '32 (USS Augusta).

January 1935

Lieutenant (j.g.), staff, Asiatic Fleet, USS Augusta

Others at this command: LT David Roberts '21.

Others at or embarked at USS Augusta: LT Hubert Hayter '24 (USS Augusta), LTjg James Smith, Jr. '25 (USS Augusta), LTjg Lee Pancake '31 (USS Augusta), and ENS Herbert Coleman '32 (USS Augusta).

April 1935

Lieutenant (j.g.), staff, Asiatic Fleet, USS Augusta

Others at or embarked at USS Augusta: LT Hubert Hayter '24 (USS Augusta), LT James Smith, Jr. '25 (USS Augusta), LTjg Lee Pancake '31 (USS Augusta), and ENS Herbert Coleman '32 (USS Augusta).

October 1935

Lieutenant (j.g.), under instruction, Submarine Base New London, Connecticut

Others at this command: LTjg Augustus Alston, Jr. '31, LTjg Elliott Marshall '31, LTjg Maximilian Schmidt '32, ENS Joseph Bourland '33, and ENS Reginald Raymond '33.

January 1936

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS S-42

April 1936

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS S-42

July 1936

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS S-42

January 1937

Lieutenant (j.g.), USS S-42

April 1937

Lieutenant (j.g.), navigator, USS S-42

September 1937

Lieutenant (j.g.), Navy Department, Washington, D.C.

Others at this command: LCDR Robert Smith '20, LT Charles Tolman, Jr. '25, and LT Volckert Douw '30.

January 1938

Lieutenant (j.g.), Navy Department, Washington, D.C.

Others at this command: LCDR Robert Smith '20, LT Charles Tolman, Jr. '25, LT Francis Jordan '29, and LT Volckert Douw '30.

October 1939

Lieutenant, executive officer, USS Jacob Jones

June 1940

Lieutenant, executive officer, USS Jacob Jones

November 1940

Lieutenant, executive officer, USS Jacob Jones

April 1941

Lieutenant, executive officer, USS Jacob Jones


Class of 1930

Thomas is one of 42 members of the Class of 1930 on Virtual Memorial Hall.